Arguably the most distinctive feature of the early Christian literature, writes Bart Ehrman, "is the degree to which it was forged." The Homilies and Recognitions of Clement; Paul's letters to and from Seneca; Gospels by Peter, Thomas, and Philip; Jesus' correspondence with Abgar, letters by Peter and Paul in the New Testament - all forgeries. To cite just a few examples. Forgery and Counterforgery is the first comprehensive study of early Christian pseudepigrapha ever produced in English. In it, Ehrman argues that ancient critics - pagan, Jewish, and Christian - understood false authorial claims to be a form of literary deceit, and thus forgeries. Ehrman considers the extent of the phenomenon, the "intention" and motivations of ancient Greek, Roman, and Jewish forgers, and reactions to their work once detected. He also assesses the criteria ancient critics applied to expose forgeries and the techniques forgers used to avoid detection. With the wider practices of the ancient world as backdrop, Ehrman then focuses on early Christian polemics, as various Christian authors forged documents in order to lend their ideas a veneer of authority in literary battles waged with pagans, Jews, and, most importantly, with one another in internecine disputes over doctrine and practice. In some instances a forger directed his work against views found in another forgery, creating thereby a "counter-forgery." Ehrman's evaluation of polemical forgeries starts with those of the New Testament (nearly half of whose books make a false authorial claim) up through the Pseudo-Ignatian epistles and the Apostolic Constitutions at the end of the fourth century. Shining light on an important but overlooked feature of the early Christian world, Forgery and Counterforgery explores the possible motivations of the deceivers who produced these writings, situating their practice within ancient Christian discourses on lying and deceit. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Noah Michael Levine. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/adbl/014020/bk_adbl_014020_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
Historians universally agree that Thucydides was the greatest historian who has ever lived, and that his story of the Peloponnesian conflict is a marvel of forensic science and fine literature. That such a triumph of intellectual accomplishment was created at the end of the fifth century B.C. in Greece is, perhaps, not so surprising, given the number of original geniuses we find in that period. But that such an historical work would also be simultaneously acknowledged as a work of great literature and a penetrating ethical evaluation of humanity is one of the miracles of ancient history. For in the pages of Thucydides we find examples of every ethical and political problem ever faced by democratic governments in the last 2,400 years. And it was all organized and written with a breathtaking skill and dramatic intensity which have never been equalled. Thucydides was an Athenian noble born around 455 B.C. whose antecedents could be traced back to the great Peisitratus and Cimon. In 424 B.C., Thucydides was in command of naval forces attempting to defend Amphipolis in Thrace. Although unsuccessful through no fault of his own, his enemies in Athens blamed him for failure and engineered his exile. It was a fortunate event, for it was upon this accident of history that Thucydides gained the opportunity to become the chronicler of events in Greece. In complete contrast to the furious passions which raged around him, he described events with a cool detachment and an absolute impartiality that is little short of miraculous. He is believed to have died violently, perhaps while writing, in about 400 B.C. His manuscript simply breaks off in mid paragraph. The Peloponnesian War is organized into eight parts (“books”). This recording uses the highly esteemed translation of Benjamin Jowett. There are several essays preceding and following the work. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Charlton Griffin. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acon/000152/bk_acon_000152_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
Three amazing books in one about analyzing and mining data! Audiobook 1: Learn more about how to analyze data now! This elaborate guide will take you on a journey to multiple aspects of this skill. There is a trick, a science, to doing it the right way, and some of the most important secrets will be revealed in the chapters ahead of you. You'll learn, among others: What the big deal with big data is and what to do with them Fundamentals, risks, and strategies to analyze data Social network data analysis Applications to health care, business, and industrial data Tips on analyzing decision trees, regression, and sentiment The most important basics each analytical geek wants to know before they take these practices to the next level Audiobook 2: Dive into the complicated matter of analyzing and mining for data, correctly. Forget about intuition or assumptions. Data are facts you can rely on, if you draw the right conclusions. Drawing those conclusions requires certain skills and a background in knowledge that leads to the proper steps. This guide will help you along the way by addressing topics such as: The what and why of data mining, and the different applications to business-related topics Attributes, classifications, datasets, and types of learning you need to understand to fully be aware of what you are dealing with Data quality and data quantity thoughts Data mining process steps, including CRISP-DM and SEMMA Linear, probabilistic, and other models to use in the visualization and analysis of data you have found Techniques such as clustering, viewing genetic algorithms, and neural networks Evaluation analysis strategies, classification, and numeric predictions Audiobook 3: Explore the field of data science, and the way to analyze big and small data. This technical boo 1. Language: English. Narrator: Judy Rounda. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/094730/bk_acx0_094730_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
Lovely, inexperienced Miss Carly Blakemore, only 19 years of age, is received at her first post as governess for two precocious children, ready to love them as her own. But her biggest challenge will be their father - masterful and strong in everything - especially his kiss. Poor and without dowry - and even worse - now orphaned, Miss Carly Blakemore is thrown into the Victorian world without aid. Carly is forced to seek a position as governess in the house of Lord Huntington, the Earl of Dunfordshire - a man alone in his own right - and under suspicion for the tragic murder of his well-known and adulteress wife. His governess's honesty and forthrightness quickly offend his noble person, and he finds himself reeling from her constant evaluation of his lack of parenting skills. However, in the midst of his resentments, he finds himself strangely drawn in by her very no-nonsense ways that drive him to madness. Carly stands her ground in head-to-head battles of will that take her to the brink of dismissal. Carly and the Earl continually fight the feelings growing between them. Both are oblivious to the clouds of deceit and intrigue that are growing around the manor house, some bent upon removing the beautiful, headstrong governess permanently. A final desperate chase leads to an interception of a ship upon the high seas headed for the Mediterranean and a secret society of white-slave traders. Order of listening for the The Huntington Saga Series: The Governess Trilogy: Book One Pirate Bride: Book Two Elspeth Was Her Name: Book Three (Two more books to be released.) If you have purchased the Volumes 1, 2, or 3, plus the novella, this is the order in which to listen to them: The Governess Vol. 1 The Governess Vol. 2 The Governess Vol. 3 The Governess Novella, #1 1. Language: English. Narrator: Kim Pruitt. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/130405/bk_acx0_130405_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
A spellbinding tale of deceit, betrayal, dark choices, and murder that reviewers describe as "gripping", "full of suspense and thrills", and "hard to put down". Inspired by a shocking true story, Come What May, the debut book in the new Ben Malone detective mystery series, is a high-stakes thrill ride through the gritty underbelly of the City of Angels. Hollywood Division detective Ben Malone is caught up in a run of bad luck. The worst of it, his unfortunate entanglement in three separate fatal on-duty shootings in less than a year at a time when activists are protesting the use of deadly force by police and provoking riots all over the country. The spate of shootings has his LAPD superiors spooked and questioning his judgment. Is Malone too quick to use deadly force? Relieved from street duty, Malone is sequestered in Robbery-Homicide Division's Cold Case Homicide Section to keep him under wraps while he undergoes department-mandated psychiatric evaluation. His work-related problems compounded by a vindictive ex-wife intent on bleeding him dry financially sends Malone into a spiral of depression that soon has him drinking too much in the attempt to cope. Initially resentful over his reassignment to the cold case section, Malone's attitude starts to change when his new partner, Jaime Reyes, introduces him to the files of a cold as ice, 23-year-old unsolved murder case. The decades-old murder doesn't fit the unit's criteria for reopening a cold case for active investigation, but the more Malone studies the case, the more obsessed he becomes with trying to solve it. He and Reyes embark on an off-the-books investigation that predictably creates even more problems. Especially for Malone. Pushback from powerful forces both inside and outside the LAPD determined to keep the truth buried with the corpse gets intense. But even when things get personal, Malone becomes only more committed to solving the case, come what may. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Michael Hanko. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/086480/bk_acx0_086480_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
At present, recognizing the importance of being proficient in English, it is taught primary grades onwards within the Sri Lankan education system. 'Let's Learn English' is a series designed for primary grades, three, four and five, and lays the foundation for our children's formal English language learning process. Therefore, a critical evaluation of this series could be considered a vital requirement to discover whether the students' language requirements are satisfactorily fulfilled. Drawing on comprehensive qualitative and quantitative data through questionnaires and interviews from a study sample of ESL teachers, instructors and students, this study mainly sought to investigate the extent to which the content of the course book meet the set objectives. And, attempts were made to inspect how far the course books are free from errors. Also, the integration of all four language skills was analyzed to examine whether the communicative needs of students are satisfied. The ultimate objective of the study was to identify strengths and weaknesses of the course books and recommend improvements to them with the aim of enhancing the quality of existing learning and teaching practices.
Content and Language Integrated Learning (CLIL) is one of the most recent and most innovative phenomena in education at the moment. Since this approach is still very new, only a few suitable teaching materials have been published for the various school subjects. In some countries, however, there are dedicated CLIL teachers and linguists who have already developed CLIL-specific textbooks for certain content subjects (e.g. Geography, History or Biology). In this thesis, a theoretical analysis and practical evaluation of the CLIL teaching materials "Cross-Curriculum Creativity Biology" (Books 1-4) (Fierling & Machotka 2008) was carried out. These textbooks are intended to be used to teach Biology in English. They follow the Austrian curriculum for Biology for the first form of secondary education (i.e. for children aged ten to twelve). Overall, the examination showed that while the books are a good basis for CLIL teachers who intend to teach Biology in English in Austria, there is still room for improvement.
In this book, I focused on the historical events in Syria and Lebanon which happened until the year 2005. Nevertheless in some parts I gave some current information about Syria and Lebanon especially while giving the general informational data. So, the conditions in Syria and Lebanon after 2005 are the subjects of my future books, not this one. The book includes an evaluation of the overall Middle East and nearby countries. You may see the English and Turkish editions together in a book.